Wild birds at home: care and maintenance
For true nature lovers, it will not be a secret that at home it is perfectly possible to contain various wild birds of our native avifauna, and in some cases it is possible to achieve even their reproduction. In addition, some species (for example, carduelis) are undergoing breeding work, a certain number of colors has been developed. Let us take a closer look at these wonderful representatives of the feathered world.
What wild birds can please us at home?
Bullfinch at home
Bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula) we associate with severe frosts and winter cold, however, for more than one century these birds have been successfully kept at home and even hatch.
This bird belongs to the finch, as evidenced by its thickened beak, and is related to sparrows, carduelis, and even canaries. Usually in winter these birds are very noticeable, since the males have a bright red abdomen, the females are colored less expressively. But in the summer, when the forests are covered with greenery, bullfinches are almost impossible to see, in addition, some of them are nomadic birds, the rest are sedentary. Both males and females sing. The voice is quite loud, but the birds usually sing for a short time.
Bullfinches live in captivity for about 10 to 12 years.
In the photo: bullfinch
An inexperienced person should not catch birds on their own: this is illegal, and most likely will lead to the death of the bird. Bullfinches are best obtained from breeders or breeders with a license only after adaptation of the bird. The bird should not be afraid of humans and should be accustomed to food. You must know the composition of these feeds in order to harvest and mix them yourself.
The bullfinch diet should be very rich, since in nature they do not limit themselves to only a few types of grain. The bullfinch’s health, plumage and life expectancy will directly depend on this.
In the domestic diet of a bullfinch should not only be a rich grain mixture (about 3 tablespoons per bird), but also various types of berries (mountain ash, viburnum, cherry, currant, juniper, barberry, etc.) that can be prepared by freezing. In addition, offer the birds greens, cones, twigs with buds, vegetables and fruits, sprouted grains.
Sometimes you can pamper bullfinches with insects and their larvae. It is better to use home-grown flour worms, so there is less chance of infecting the bird with helminths.
During molting, be sure to enrich the diet with animal proteins, you can add special food for red canaries, this will help keep the color bright.
A cage for bullfinches should be spacious (80x50x40 cm), choose a safe material, but keep in mind that liquid droppings can quickly render some types of plastic unusable. The poles should be of suitable thickness (several different diameters) and with bark, located at different levels in the cell. Do not forget about the bathing, drinking bowl, container for the mineral mixture, sepia, chalk. Feeders for wet and dry feed should be separate.
During the adaptation of the bullfinch, it is better to place the cage higher so that the birds are not so nervous at the sight of a person. The cage should not be in a draft and in direct sunlight, but in a bright place. When keeping a bullfinch, watch for the length of daylight: it should not differ from natural.
After adaptation, bullfinches can be released for walks, but the room should be secured. Walks are arranged only under supervision. Make special brooms and stands for birds where bullfinches can spend time and stretch their wings.
Waxwing at home
Common waxwing (Bomrucilla garrulus)as well as the bullfinch is associated with winter in our country, because it is precisely then that we observe these birds flying from tree to tree and eating mountain ash.Waxwings can also be kept at home.
These are rather large birds with a body length of up to 23 cm, the main body color is pink-gray, with black, white and yellow feathers on the wings and tail. There is a noticeable crest on the waxwing head. The song of the waxwing males is quite loud and piercing. In the diet in the summer there are a lot of insects, berries, seeds. In winter, birds feed mainly on berries.
In the photo: waxwing
When keeping waxwings at home, you need quite a lot of space, it is better to use an aviary, since the birds are quite large and require large space for flights. This is very important for their health, as waxwings are very prone to overeating and obesity. For keeping it is better to pick up a couple of birds or put a waxwing in a flock: they are quite peaceful and do not arrange fights. However, waxwings live in captivity for only a few years, in nature more often longer.
The ration of the waxwing must be balanced and varied, since the life expectancy and the quality of the plumage depends on it.
Waxwings have a very fast metabolism, they eat a lot and defecate a lot, this should be taken into account when choosing materials for the aviary. Access to litter change should be convenient and easy. Washable materials should also be around the enclosure, as waxwings are rather messy when eaten.
In the diet of waxwings at home there should be a variety of berries (different types of mountain ash, hawthorn, sea buckthorn, barberry, juniper, cherry, cherry, blueberry, cranberry and others), juicy fruits, vegetables, herbs, sometimes insects and animal feed. Grain feed birds almost do not eat.
In the cell of the waxwings there should be access to fresh water, mineral fertilizing. The poles for waxwings should be of the appropriate diameter and located at different heights, this will help birds move more actively.
Yurok, or reel at home
Yurok or reel ( Fringilla montifringilla) also applies to finch birds and is a representative of the avifauna of Belarus. Yurki have a red color with black spots on the head, back and wings. Reel song - quiet creaky twittering. Usually they are kept for the sake of their beautiful plumage.
In the photo: reel
Reels at home can be kept in spacious cages or aviaries. You should be careful with other birds, as packs can be aggressive towards them.
In the reel cage there should be suitable perches with bark, bathing, drinking, feeding troughs, mineral mixture, chalk, sepia.
Grain feed, greens, berries, fruits and vegetables should be included in the diet of the finch. During the period of molting and breeding, offer insects and sprouted grains to birds. In the cage, place young twigs with buds, cones, etc.
Finch at home
Finch (Fringílla coélebs) stands out among the wild songbirds not only with beautiful plumage, but also with a beautiful song. The finch males are brightly colored - on the head there is a blue-gray cap, the back and chest are reddish, the wings are black with white spots. Female finches are more dull in color. In the diet of wild birds, not only grain plants, berries, but also insects, their larvae.
Finches in captivity can live about 10 to 12 years.
In the photo: finch
The bird needs to be acquired adapted to the person. The fact is that finches are quite difficult to get used to the conditions of captivity, often fight against the bars of the cage, knocking down their plumage. Adult birds are especially difficult to get used to human society.
In the aviary, the finch will be more comfortable, but in the spacious cage, you can also create suitable conditions. They can be kept with caution with other bird species, as male finches can be quite pugnacious.
Male finches can delight you with their song almost all year round, excluding molting periods.
In the aviary for the finch must be installed poles of suitable diameter at different heights, in addition, you can place branches with foliage and berries.In addition, the cage should have a bathing trough, a drinking bowl, feeding troughs, mineral top dressing, chalk, sepia.
The diet of finches at home should be quite diverse, a mixture of cultivated plants and wild, weed is best. Offer juicy fruits, vegetables, a variety of berries. During molting and breeding, for example, the finch's diet must be enriched with insects, larvae, and germinated cereals.
The cage or aviary should be located in a well-lit place, not in a draft.
Be sure to thoroughly wash the feeders and drinkers of the finch, as they can often be contaminated with droppings.
Tap dance at home
Tap dance(Carduelis flammea) a small songbird with a body length of about 12 - 15 cm.
Male and female tap dancing are painted in brown-white tones, there are red caps, males have a pinkish chest and abdomen.
Rosettes are rather unpretentious, but they are not very often kept at home, as they sing not very “brightly”. They are great for flocking with other songbirds. If there is no flock, then a couple of birds will be the best solution. They must be adapted to the person. It’s nice to watch such birds; they cheerfully jump on the perches.
In the photo: tap dance
Prepare a large cage or enclosure for tap dance, where many poles of suitable diameter should be placed, small trees or bushes can be placed in the enclosure. Necessarily need a bath, birds love to swim.
In captive tap dance live only a few years, in nature up to 8 years.
Rosettes feed on mixed feed. The tap-feed ration should be based on grain feed - weed grass seeds, cereal plants, trees and shrubs, berries, fruits, vegetables, green feed. Also, insects and their larvae should be included in the diet, in nature they willingly eat aphids. Do not overfeed tap dance, these birds are prone to fullness. The cell must be mineral fertilized, chalk and sepia.
Greenfinch at home
Common greenfinch(Carduelis chloris) refers to finch birds, it has a rather powerful beak. The body color of the greenfinch is mostly olive-brown, a yellow stripe on the wing, the color of the greenfinch females is lighter. Greenfishes feed on plant and animal feed. In the summer, these are insects and larvae, in the winter - berries, seeds.
The song in greenfishes is rather inconspicuous, because they are not often kept by bird lovers, however, they get used to captivity quite easily and can please their man for many years. They behave calmly with other birds.
In the photo: greenfinch
After adaptation, these birds can be settled in a spacious cage or aviary. The diet should have different seeds - industrial food for forest birds or canaries is suitable, it can be enriched with weed seeds. Be sure to offer various green foods, vegetables and fruits. During molting, offer insect larvae to birds.
In the cage of greenfinch, place a bathhouse, feeding troughs, many poles, a mineral mixture, chalk and sepia.
Oatmeal at home
Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella) has a bright yellow-brown color, females are painted more dull. The oatmeal song is pretty straightforward, monotonous. The basis of the oatmeal diet is vegetable feed (cereals, weeds, berries, etc.). During the breeding season, insects are consumed, and chicks are fed mixed food.
In the photo: oatmeal
In a cage or enclosure for oatmeal, place suitable perches with bark, bathing suit, feeding troughs. Be sure to place the mineral mixture and stones in the cage. Often offer birds greens, buds, sprouted grains, insect larvae.
The oatmeal cage should be spacious and stand in a bright place.