Childbirth in a cat: signs, care before and after childbirth, how to take birth
- The first birth of a cat
- Cat before childbirth
- What does a cat do before giving birth?
- How do births begin in a cat?
- Signs of childbirth in a cat
- How long does a cat have to give birth?
- Cat birth at home
- What can the owner do to help the cat during childbirth?
- How to give birth to a cat
- How many kittens can a cat give birth to?
- Cat after childbirth
- What to do after the birth of a cat?
- When can a cat become pregnant after giving birth?
- When can a cat be sterilized after birth?
- The cat has no milk after childbirth
- How to feed a cat after childbirth
- How to understand that a cat gave birth to all kittens?
- Cat can't give birth
Childbirth in a cat is a natural process that ends the pregnancy and consists in the fact that the fetus leaves the uterus through the cervical canal and vagina (birth canal).
The first birth of a cat
As a rule, experienced cats themselves know what to do. But if the cat is born for the first time, problems may arise, since the cat does not quite understand what is happening to her. And in order to know how to help a cat give birth for the first time, you need to understand that giving birth to a cat is very stressful.
The cat’s first birth: what should the owner do? First of all, it is necessary to prepare a cozy place for childbirth in advance. As a rule, a spacious box acts as a rodzal, and the sides should not be too high so that the cat easily gets inside. "Rodzal" should be in a quiet secluded place.
Also, to help the cat give birth for the first time, it is necessary to prepare:
- Surgical gloves.
- Cotton buds.
- Sharp scissors.
- Clean cloth (cotton) or diapers.
- Clean towels (terry).
- Cotton buds.
- Gauze or cotton swabs.
- Boiled thread.
- Powdered milk mixture (from a veterinary pharmacy or pet store).
- Pipette or rubber bulb.
- Capacity for used materials.
- Liquid antiseptic (veterinary).
- Antibiotic ointment.
It is better to put everything you need in one place in advance (about a week before the expected date of delivery). And do not forget to put in a prominent place the phone number of the veterinarian who can tell you what to do, or come if necessary.
Cat before childbirth
Many owners ask how a cat behaves before giving birth. This is necessary to know in order to prepare for the birth of a cat and not to miss their beginning.
What does a cat do before giving birth?
A few hours before giving birth, the cat begins to show concern. From this moment, it is better to be nearby, in order to provide assistance if necessary.
Active washing, as the genitals of a cat increase in size and turn pink. There should not be any discharge from a cat before childbirth.
Decreased activity. Before giving birth, the cat’s behavior becomes apathetic and detached, it looks bored. Do not try to entertain her.
Decreased appetite. Water should remain in constant access.
Bends as in contractions. This feature of the cat’s behavior before birth is explained by short contractions of the uterus.
Also, a cat before childbirth can behave somewhat unusual: meow loudly, seem scared, try to hide in a secluded corner. Therefore, a few days before the expected date of birth, close the cat access to inaccessible places.
What the owner can do to alleviate the condition of the cat before childbirth: to be near, to stroke, if the cat allows it, to speak in an even, gentle voice.
How do births begin in a cat?
Another common question of owners: how to understand that a cat has started giving birth. The birth of a cat is marked by contractions - contractions of the uterus. Contractions in a cat begin several hours before the appearance of kittens and increase gradually. You should take the cat to the Rodzal and prepare everything you need.
Signs of childbirth in a cat
Owners often ask what are the signs of a cat giving birth. To understand that the cat will give birth soon, the following signs will help you:
- The cat’s stomach takes a pear-shaped shape - it drops.
- The cat goes to the toilet more often because of the more frequent urge to urinate.
- The birth cork departs and mucus is secreted.
- Water leaves, while the cat carefully licks.
- Breathing quickens, shortness of breath is possible.
As a rule, the first kitten is born within 2 hours after the start of strong fights in the cat. If the cat is pushing for 3 hours or more unsuccessfully, or brown discharge with an unpleasant odor has appeared from the vulva, urgently take the cat to the veterinarian. Perhaps surgery is needed.
How long does a cat have to give birth?
Another popular question from cat owners: how long does a cat have to give birth?
The duration of delivery in a cat should normally not exceed 12 - 18 hours (from the moment the first kitten appears).
If a cat’s birth lasts longer, this is a bad sign. If the duration of the birth (from the first to the last kitten) takes more than 24 hours, this is also a sign of pathology and an occasion to seek help from a specialist.
If the cat’s birth lasts more than 48 hours, the probability of getting live kittens is almost zero. To save a cat and kittens, most often in such cases, surgery is needed.
Cat birth at home
It’s useful for owners to know how to organize a cat’s birth at home and how to help the cat in childbirth at home.
What can the owner do to help the cat during childbirth?
First of all, carefully monitor the birth and keep the vet's phone on hand. If you see that something went wrong (for example, if the first kitten did not appear within 7 hours after the start of strong fights), seek professional help as soon as possible.
Keep calm and no matter what happens, do not scream or flicker before the eyes of a cat. Ask that no one else enter the room until the cat gives birth. Talk to the cat calmly, gently.
How to give birth to a cat
Another popular question of owners: how to give birth to a cat? Make sure that during the birth of the cat at home, the placenta does not remain inside the animal. The remaining placenta can cause an inflammatory process.
Keep in mind that after each kitten there is a last, which the cat usually eats. But do not let the cat eat more than 2 after-effects - this will cause digestive upset.
If the kitten begins to breathe inside the bubble, it may stop breathing. Take the kitten (gently!) In your hand, lower the head a little down so that water flows out of the spout. If it does not help, shake the baby a little. Make sure your breathing is normal. The kitten’s tongue should be pink. If he turns blue, wrap the baby in a diaper and hold it upside down for a while. As soon as the kitten squeaked, it can be given to the mother.
If your cat does not cut the umbilical cord, your task is to cut the umbilical cord behind it. Pull the umbilical cord with a thread (about 2 cm from the kitten’s tummy) and cut it with disinfected scissors, wipe the cut with an antiseptic.
Wipe the kids with a soft diaper, put it on the heating pad, covered with a bedding.
As a rule, after the birth is complete, the cat looks relaxed and peaceful, begins to feed the kittens. At this moment, the best thing you can do to help the cat during childbirth is to leave her alone, after changing the litter. Make sure your cat has food and water in a bowl. Do not let other animals, including the cat, if it lives in your house.
How many kittens can a cat give birth to?
Another logical question of owners: how many kittens can a cat give birth at a time (the first time or even the maximum number)?
As a rule, for the first time, a cat can give birth to 1-3 kittens, since the cat's reproductive system is not fully formed.Older cats also give birth to a small number of kittens - their reproductive function fades.
How many kittens can a cat give birth at a time in the prime of life? As a rule, up to 6 kittens. In the end, nature gave the cat only 8 nipples, which means that it is difficult to feed a cat more than 8 kittens.
However, there are exceptions. No one knows exactly how many kittens a cat can give a maximum, but there have been recorded cases of the birth of 12 kittens.
Cat after childbirth
What to do after the birth of a cat?
This is also a popular question for owners. Childbirth can be considered complete if, after 1.5 - 2 hours after the last kitten is born, the cat has no contractions, the stomach is soft and all the afterbirths have come out. During this period, the main thing is to properly feed the cat and protect it from stress.
If the birth has passed without complications, as a rule, after 14 days the cat recovers completely, and the kittens grow up significantly.
When can a cat become pregnant after giving birth?
Owners often ask how quickly a cat can become pregnant after giving birth and can a cat become pregnant immediately after giving birth? It should be borne in mind that the birth and feeding of kittens is a huge burden on the cat's body, which depletes the animal and can lead to diseases.
So after giving birth, the cat needs a recovery period. On average, a cat comes to hunt 1 to 2 months after birth. But even if the cat is ready to become pregnant immediately after birth and begins to ask the cat, take measures to prevent pregnancy from occurring.
The maximum number of deliveries per cat is 1 time per year. In this case, the cat has the opportunity to recover from previous birth and raising kittens.
When can a cat be sterilized after birth?
Sometimes owners are interested in whether it is possible to sterilize a cat after childbirth and when it is possible to sterilize a cat after childbirth? Unambiguously answer this question veterinarians can not. The answer to the question of how long to sterilize a cat after childbirth depends on whether the cat is feeding kittens. If a cat feeds kittens, do not sterilize it immediately after birth. As a rule, veterinarians say that a cat can be sterilized no earlier than 2 months after giving birth. Sterilization of a cat after childbirth is fraught with serious complications (up to death) and is possible only in exceptional cases.
The cat has no milk after childbirth
There are several reasons why a cat does not have milk after childbirth:
- Infection. In this case, treatment with antibiotics is necessary.
- Lack of maternal instinct - occurs, as a rule, in a young cat.
- Poor nutrition. Give your cat more dairy products, vitamins and protein.
- Hormonal imbalance.
In any case, you need to contact a specialist and follow his recommendations.
How to feed a cat after childbirth
Many owners are concerned about the question of how to feed a cat after childbirth. How to feed the cat that gave birth?
During the first 10 to 12 days after birth, the nutrition of a nursing cat should include only nutritious, natural and easily digestible foods: dairy, cereals and vegetables. If the cat is really short of meat, you can give boiled diet meat.
It is better to exclude dry food: a large amount of salt and a small amount of liquid complicates the production of milk in a cat after childbirth. However, if the cat is allergic, a sharp change in diet is contraindicated. In other cases, the usual foods in the diet of a nursing cat are introduced on the 14th day. Note that giving the cat after childbirth is necessary foods that contain magnesium and calcium. Ask your veterinarian what nutritional supplements to choose. It is important that the food for the nursing cat is always fresh. Water should be freely available.
How to understand that a cat gave birth to all kittens?
It is possible to understand that a cat gave birth to all kittens by the way she behaves: she takes care of the born kittens (licks, feeds), the cat’s breathing is even, the heartbeat is normal. After the birth of the last kitten, the cat is thirsty and hungry.
The belly of a cat that gave birth to all kittens is soft, without seals.
If you can’t understand whether the cat gave birth to all kittens, you should consult a veterinarian for advice. If in doubt, the cat will undergo an ultrasound of the uterus.
Cat can't give birth
Normal cat births last no more than 18 hours. If the process is delayed, then the cat cannot give birth normally. What if the cat cannot give birth?
First of all, ask your veterinarian for help. There are a lot of reasons for pathologies of childbirth, and only a specialist is able to properly help your pet.
If 24 hours have passed since the birth, and the cat still cannot give birth, the kittens are most likely dead. And in this case, an operation is needed. But first, you may need x-ray diagnostics.
The main rule: if you see that during the birth of a cat, something went wrong, contact your veterinarian as soon as possible!