Guinea pigs: everything you wanted to know!
In the photo: guinea pig
Cavia Pallas Pig
Cavia porcellus Guinea Pig
General Description of Guinea Pig
Guinea pigs are small or medium sized rodents.
The body length of a guinea pig, depending on the breed, ranges from 25 to 35 cm. The weight of an adult male guinea pig reaches 1 - 1.5 kg, the weight of a female - from 800 to 1200 g. The physique can be heavy (with short limbs) or quite light (with long and thin limbs). Guinea pigs have a shortened neck, a large head, large eyes, a solid upper lip. Ears can be short or rather long. The tail is sometimes barely noticeable, but sometimes it can reach a length of 5 cm. The claws of guinea pigs are sharp and short. There are 4 fingers on the forelimbs, and 3 on the hind limbs. As a rule, the hair of guinea pigs is rather rough.
By nature, guinea pigs are painted in a brownish-gray color, the abdomen is lighter.
There are many breeds of guinea pigs, so anyone can choose a pet with the length, structure and color of the coat that he likes. The following groups of guinea pigs were bred:
- Shorthair (smooth-haired, selfies and crosses).
- Longhair (texel, peruvian, sheltie, angora, merino, etc.)
- Wirehaired (American Teddy, Abyssinians, Rex and others)
- Hairless or with a little wool (skinny, baldwin).
Domestic guinea pigs differ significantly from their wild relatives in body structure: they have more rounded shapes.