The origin and history of the breed Agrentino Great Dane
It is believed that the Argentine mastiffs as a breed appeared due to one person - Dr. Augustine Nores Martinez. They were bred at the dawn of the 20th century, although the mastiffs lived in Argentina in the 16th century - the conquistadors used them as weapons against the local population. And then they were crossed with bulldogs.
In the photo: dogo argentino
At the end of the 18th century, dog fights became fashionable. In dog battles, the so-called “fighting dogs” were mainly used, which were something between a mastiff and a bulldog. And at the beginning of the 20th century, university professor Martinez became interested in bold and strong dogs. Although he was not fond of dog fights, he was a passionate hunter. And cougars - the “queen” of cats of America were the favorite prey at that time. The professor decided to bring a dog that can hunt both cougars and bakers (local wild pigs weighing up to 50 kg).
As Martinez conceived, the dog was supposed to be medium in size and white to stand out from the surrounding vegetation. The professor bought several “fighting dogs” and began breeding work. He hoped that dogs would become more mentally stable from the rushing blood of boxers, they would inherit a wider chest from the bulldogs, the Wolfhund would “share” high running speed, and the Spanish mastiffs and Bordeaux mastiffs would add muscle. Pyrenees mountain dogs were used to obtain a white color.
The first dogs, according to the breeder, were unsuccessful - too aggressive. Therefore, he decided to create 2 lines: to add the blood of the Irish wolfhound to the first (the result was called guarani), and to the second - the Dogue de Bordeaux (turned out to be an araucan). Later, these 2 lines, mixed, and presented to the world of the Argentine mastiff.
The next 30 years Martinez devoted to polishing the appearance and character of dogs of the breed he bred.
In 1956, Martinez died, and chaos reigned in the breeding of Argentinean dogs. Only Martinez's brother Augustine was able to put things in order. Augustine Martinez, being an employee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina, also often gave puppies of the Argentine dog to the world elite, thereby contributing to the popularization of the breed.
The first breed standard was developed in 1928, however, the FCI recognized the breed as the dogo of Argentina only in 1964.
Dogo Argentino is the only dog breed bred in this country. And in the world they are not too popular. The largest number of fans of Argentinean dogs live in Germany and Holland, and the breed is also gaining popularity in Austria and Spain. Pretty good dogs are bred in Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic. But in Argentina, these dogs are considered a national treasure.
In the photo: dogo argentino«