Standard FCI breed English Bulldog and description
FCI standard breed English Bulldog No. 149 dated March 24, 2004
Section 2.1. Molossoid rocks. Mastiffoids
No working trial
General impression: short-haired, dense build, rather stocky dog, wide, powerful and compact.
Head:very large in relation to the size of the dog, but by no means enough to break the general symmetry, to make the dog look deformed, or to affect the quality of movement. The front part is short, the muzzle is wide, blunt and curved up. Dogs with marked breathing problems are highly undesirable.
Torso:short, tightly knocked down, but without a tendency to obesity.
Limbs:strong, muscular, strong. The back is tall and strong, but slightly lighter than the heavy front. Bitches are less powerful and representative than males.
Behavior / temperament: gives the impression of determination, strength and activity. Cautious, attentive, courageous, self-confident, faithful, reliable, courageous, outwardly impressed - ferocious, but loving and gentle by nature.
Head: seen from the side, it looks high, deep and short from the occipital tubercle to the tip of the nose. The forehead is flat, the skin on it and around the head forms clear folds, does not protrude too much and does not hang over the muzzle. The frontal bones in the projection are raised, convex, wide, square and high. A wide and deep groove can be traced from the stop to the top of the skull. The front part from the top to the nose is short, the skin is wrinkled. The distance from the inner corner of the eye (or from the center of the foot between the eyes) to the tip of the nose does not exceed the length from the tip of the nose to the corner of the lower lip.
Skull: large in circumference. Seen from the front, it is very high from the angle of the lower jaw to the upper part of the skull. Also very wide and square.
Stop: deep, with a wide notch (indentation) between the eyes.
Front part: When viewed from the front, its components should be equally balanced, i.e. symmetrical about an imaginary center line.
Nose: the nose and nostrils are large, wide, black, without any signs of liver, red or brown color, deeply recessed between the eyes.
The nostrils are large, wide and open, with a clearly visible vertical groove between them.
Muzzle: short, wide, curved up and very deep from the corner of the eye to the corner of the mouth. The nasal fold should not affect the profile line.
Bryly: lips are thick, wide, saggy and very deep, drooping, completely cover the jaw from the sides, but not in front, where they reach the edge of the lower lip and only cover the teeth.
Jaws / Teeth: jaws wide, massive and square, lower jaw protruding forward upper and curved up. Jaws with 6 incisors in a straight line between the fangs. Fangs set wide apart. The teeth are large and powerful, with a closed mouth they are not visible. Seen from the front, the lower jaw is located directly below the upper and parallel to it.
Cheeks: cheeks are rounded, protruding under the eyes to the sides.
Eyes: seen from the front, located low on the skull, at a good distance from the ears. Eyes and feet are in one straight line, at right angles to the furrow. Widely spaced, but their outer corners are inside the outer line of the cheeks. Rounded in shape, medium in size, not sunken, but not convex, very dark in color - almost black - and when viewed from the front without visible proteins. Free from visible eye problems.
Ears: set high - i.e. the front edge of each ear (when viewed from the front) touches the outer line of the skull in its upper corner, so they are placed as wide as possible, as high as possible and as far from the eyes as possible. Small and thin. Their correct form is “rose,” that is,hanging and turned back to the back, the upper or front edge is curved outward and backward, making visible the part of the so-called “back of the tongue”.
Neck: medium length, very thick, deep and strong. It is well rounded in the upper line, with a significant amount of excess skin in the thick folds under the throat, forming a suspension from the lower jaw to the chest on each side.
Housing: Top line: slightly lowers immediately after the withers (the lowermost part), then it should rise to the lower back (one level higher than the height at the withers), then with a rounding it descends to the tail, forming an arch with a sail - a characteristic difference between the breed.
Back: The back is short, powerful, broad at the shoulders and relatively narrower at the lower back.
Chest: chest broad, laterally rounded, convex and deep. The chest is voluminous, round and very deep from the withers to the very bottom, where it connects to the sternum. Lowered between the forelimbs. Large in diameter, round behind the forelimbs (not flat in shape, ribs well bent).
Stomach: tightened, not saggy.
Tail: set low, fairly straight at the base, and then curving down. Round, smooth without fringe or stiff coat. Medium length - rather short than long - thick at the base, rapidly tapering towards the end. Pointed down (without upward curvature at the end), never rises above the back.
The belt of the forelimbs: the limbs are strong and strong, well developed, in a wide set, thick, muscular and straight, in appearance their outer line is rather curved, but the bones of the limbs are large and straight, not curved and not curved, in relation to the hind legs are short, but not so much that the back appears long or to reduce or damage the dog’s activity.
Shoulders: broad shoulders, sloping sloping and deep, very powerful and muscular, giving the impression of massiveness.
Elbows: elbows low and distant from ribs.
Metacarpus: metacarpus short, straight, powerful.
Hind limb: The limbs are large and muscular, in proportion to the length of the front, due to which the lower back is raised. The limbs are long and muscular from the lower back to the hock, their lower part is short, straight, and powerful.
Lap: The knees are round and slightly turned away from the body.
Metatarsus: The hocks should be slightly close together and the hind legs turned outward. The hock joints are slightly curved with moderately pronounced angles, low located.
The front ones are straight and slightly turned outwards of medium size, moderately rounded.
The rear ones are round and compact.
Fingers are compact, thick, arched, as a result, their joints protrude high, raised.
Movements: specifically gait with short, quick steps at your fingertips, hind legs do not rise high and shuffle slightly, movement from shoulder to shoulder to the swinging horse independently and vigorously. Strength and quality of movement are extremely important.
Wool: delicate texture, short, tight fitting, smooth (especially strict - short and tight fitting, not wavy).
Color: plain or “troubles” (ie plain with a black mask on the face). Only solid color (which should be bright and clean), namely tiger, red of various shades, fawn, deer, etc., as well as white and spotted (i.e. a combination of white with any of the above colors). Dudley, black and black and tan colors are highly undesirable.
Males: 25 kg.
Bitches: 23 kg.
Disadvantages (defects): any deviation from the foregoing should be considered a disadvantage, and its value exactly depends on the degree of deviation and its effect on the health and life of the dog.
Judges are expected to strictly follow this standard, taking into account the following defects:
Defects: Nasal fold too overhangs or partially obstructs nose
- aggressiveness or excessive shyness
- dogs with marked respiratory distress
- ingrown tail.
Any dog exhibiting anomalies in the psyche or behavior must be disqualified.
N.B.: males should have two distinct, normally developed testes fully descended into the scrotum.