Dog epilepsy: causes, symptoms, treatment
Dog Epilepsy - These are disorders of the brain that provoke often recurring spontaneous seizures with or without loss of consciousness.
Causes of Dog Epilepsy
Dog epilepsy is either true (idiopathic) or symptomatic.
Idiopathic epilepsy in dogs is inherited. With this form of the disease, the activity of neurons changes for no apparent reason. This disease manifests itself at the age of 6 months - 3 years. It is believed that the disease can not be cured, but you can reduce the number of seizures to a minimum and achieve remission, which can last several years.
Symptomatic epilepsy in dogs is the body's reaction to negative changes or the consequences of changes in the brain. The causes of this form of epilepsy in dogs are diverse and include:
- traumatic brain injuries
- bacterial or viral infections,
- diseases of internal organs (liver, heart, kidneys, blood vessels and others),
- intoxication of the body.
Males are more prone to epilepsy than females.
Symptoms of Dog Epilepsy
It is important to distinguish between dog epilepsy and seizures that are not associated with epilepsy and can be caused by a temperature spike, acute renal failure, or a decrease in blood calcium. Symptoms are similar, so often only a veterinarian can distinguish epilepsy from such seizures.
An attack of epilepsy in a dog can often be predicted in advance by the following symptoms:
- The dog is anxious, trying to hide.
- The attack begins with the dog falling on its side, the body becomes constrained.
- You can observe jaw tremors.
- Involuntary bowel movements and urination.
- The dog whines, actively moves its paws.
- The pupils sink or randomly move.
- The jaws are tightly compressed.
- It is possible to release frothy viscous liquid or vomit from the mouth.
The duration of an epilepsy attack in a dog is from a few seconds to 15 minutes.
There are seizures of epilepsy in a dog most often at night or during rest.
After an attack of epilepsy, the dog does not orient in space, coordination of movements is disturbed, increased appetite and thirst are observed.
The dog returns to normal almost immediately or within 12 to 24 hours.
Diagnosis of Dog Epilepsy
Diagnosis of dog epilepsy necessarily includes the following studies:
- Biochemical analysis of blood and urine.
- X-ray of the skull.
- Ultrasound of the abdomen.
The owner must carefully describe how the attack occurred, its duration, how the dog behaved before and after the seizure. Of great importance is information about the general condition of the dog, current and past injuries and illnesses.
How to Stop Epilepsy Attacks in a Dog
The owner cannot interrupt the onset of an attack, but can help the dog survive an epilepsy seizure. To do this, you must:
- Protect your dog from possible injuries. Place your hand under the dog’s head and carefully move it away from dangerous objects.
- Do not press the dog to the floor or hamper its movements.
- Put the dog on its side, open the jaws with a spoon or other suitable object.
- When the attack is over, do not force the dog to communicate and protect it from stress.
- Do not panic! The first attack almost always goes away in a short time (a few seconds or several minutes) and does not pose an immediate danger to the life of the pet.
- If the seizure lasts more than 15 minutes or seizures follow one after another, consult your veterinarian immediately! There is a possibility that this is an epileptic status, and such a condition is life-threatening.
Dog Epilepsy Treatment
In young dogs, epilepsy attacks are more severe. However, according to statistics, dogs under 2 years old respond well to drug treatment of epilepsy.
Do not attempt to self-medicate. If the dog has an attack similar to epilepsy, consult your veterinarian as soon as possible. The veterinary clinic will conduct an examination, diagnosis and prescribe treatment.
In the future, you will have to strictly adhere to the recommendations of the veterinarian.